Real-time Mapping of Physical Scene Properties with an Autonomous Robot Experimenter
Neural fields can be trained from scratch to represent the shape and appearance of 3D scenes efficiently. It has also been shown that they can densely map correlated properties such as semantics, via sparse interactions from a human labeller. In this work, we show that a robot can densely annotate a scene with arbitrary discrete or continuous physical properties via its own fully-autonomous experimental interactions, as it simultaneously scans and maps it with an RGB-D camera. A variety of scene interactions are possible, including poking with force sensing to determine rigidity, measuring local material type with single-pixel spectroscopy or predicting force distributions by pushing. Sparse experimental interactions are guided by entropy to enable high efficiency, with tabletop scene properties densely mapped from scratch in a few minutes from a few tens of interactions.
Key Idea The robot builds up a 3D neural field whilst autonomously interacting with the object, and then uses this neural field to propagate and map these acquired labels.